As mammals, Dolphins suckle their young with milk and breathe air. Two species of Dolphin can be found in Tofo: the Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops aduncus) and the indo-pacific Humpbacked Dolphin (Sousa chinensis). Sightings are year round, as they are resident in southern Mozambique.
The Bottlenose Dolphins are very curious towards humans both in and near the water
and also a very intelligent species. They use sonar to detect with precision the size,
distance and location of objects, which they rely on for hunting. When sleeping, they rest
only half of their brain at a time to allow them to surface for air and they keep one eye
open at all times to detect predators. Slapping their heads or tail flukes on the water
are examples of communicative behaviours often seen during our Ocean/Bio safaris.
They are fast swimmers and usually sighted in large groups.
The Humpback Dolphins got their name from their elongated dorsal fins with a noticeable
hump, which arises from the accumulation of fat tissue on their backs as they age.
These dolphins are much less social than the Bottlenose, showing up in much smaller
groups and often diving or swimming off as soon as they detect the boat. Although an
encounter with this species is more difficult, both species have been seen riding the
waves almost into shore and playing at the bows of diving and fishing boats.
PLEASE NOTE THAT AN ENCOUNTER WITH DOLPHINS CAN NEVER BE GUARANTEED ON A PARTICULAR OCEAN SAFARI OR DIVE!! This is what makes the wild so special; every day is just unique!